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Eastern Rock Nuthatch

Sitta tephronota (Sharpe, 1872)

Большой скалистый поползень | Үлкен көктекесі

2011-05-28
Degeres, Zhambyl region, Almaty oblast
© Askar Isabekov

Distribution

Breeds in Western Tien Shan (Pskem and Ugam ridges, Talasskiy Alatau, Kazgurt, Borolday, southern part of Karatau), in Kirgizskiy and western part of Zailiyskiy Alatau eastward to Chemolgan gorge, Turaygyr and Charyn canyon, in Chu-Iliyskiye Mts., in Dzhungarskiy Alatau and its spurs (Malay Sary, Chulak, Kalkany, Matay), in north to Abakumovka. Breeds also in Pistelitau in Southern Kyzylkum desert. On dispersal it not observed outside the breeding area.

Biology

Common resident. Inhabits the rocky gorges with cliffs on mountain usually forestless slopes, at altitudes 400-2000 m, where occurs all the year around. Breeds in separate pairs fairly far one from another. Nest is located on rock or rarely on grave clay monument, at height 1-30 m above the ground; nest is built from clay, and resembles a jug attached to a rock by bottom. The weight of this bulky construction is 3-5, up to 18 kilograms. The nest chamber lined with dry grass, feathers and hair. Both parents construct nest which used in several next years. Clutch of 4-9, usually 5-7 eggs is laid in early April to first ten days of June. Female incubates only, male brings her the food. Both parents feed juveniles which fledge in mid-May to end of July. A fairly long time the broods stay together and do not break up (to September), but most of the year birds live singly.

Subspecies

Sitta tephronota tephronota (Sharpe, 1872)

References

"Птицы Казахстана" том 4. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1972. Э.И.Гаврилов. "Фауна и распространение птиц Казахстана". Алматы, 1999. Gavrilov E. I., Gavrilov A. E. "The Birds of Kazakhstan". Almaty, 2005.

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subspecies

Sitta tephronota tephronota
(Sharpe, 1872)

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2022-11-23

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